Unit 17 to 32

Mercy Law

Asking about free-time activities

  • What do you do in your free-time?
  • What do you do in your free-time?
  • How do you spend your free-time?


  • I play sports.
  • I like to play sports.
  • I go to the gym.
  • I enjoy singing.

Showing interest

  • Oh, yeah? That’s interesting. 
  • Oh, really? Sounds fun.

Inviting someone

  • Do you want to see a movie?
  • Would you like to see a movie?

Responding to an invitation

  • I’d love to.
  • Sounds great.
  • Sure./ Ok.
  • Maybe.
  • I’m not sure.

Declining an invitation

  • Sorry.
  • I’m really sorry.
  • I’d love to, but I can’t.
  • I’m afraid I can’t.

Giving an excuse

  • I have to go to work.
  • I need to do my homework.
  • I want to clean my room.
  • I’d like to go to the gym.


  • Oh, I see.
  • Oh, that’s OK.


  • Sorry I’m late. I got stuck in traffic.
  • I’m sorry I’m late. I got stuck in traffic.
  • I’m really sorry I’m late. I got stuck in traffic.
  • I’m so sorry I’m late. I got stuck in traffic.

Responding to an apology

  • Oh, that’s OK.
  • No problem.
  • don’t worry about it.

Asking double questions

  • Where did you go for vacation? Did you go anywhere specific?
  • Who did you go with? Did you go alone?
  • What did you do there? Did you go to Victoria Peak?
  • How was the weather? Was it sunny?

Describing past events

  • Yeah, I did. I went to Hong Kong.
  • No, I raveled with my sister. 
  • Yeah, we went to the top. We also took a city tour.
  • It was OK. It was rainy for some of the time.

Asking about preferences

  • Do you prefer traveling alone or in a group?
  • Which would you prefer- staying in hotels or staying in hotels?
  • Would you rather travel by bus or train?

Describing preferences

  • I prefer traveling in a group (to traveling alone).
  • I’d prefer staying in hotels (to staying in hotels).
  • I’d rather travel by train (than travel by bus).

Expressing prohibitions

  • You can’t travel without a passport.
  • You’re not allowed to take liquids on a plane.
  • You’re not permitted to check three bags.

Expressing obligations

  • You must take your passport.
  • You have to pack liquids.
  • I need to buy a travel pillow.
  • You don’t have to leave until 2 p.m.
Asking about prices and schedules
  • How much is a one-way/round trip ticket to New York?
  • When is the next train to New York?
  • How long does it take?
  • Where does the train from Chicago arrive?
  • What gate does the flight to Miami depart from?
Describing prices and schedules
  • It’s $86.50.
  • The price is $86.50.
  • It leaves at 7:15 p.m.
  • It takes about three hours.
  • It arrives at Platform four.
  • It departs from Gate 58.

Asking about general behavior

  • What do Scottish people generally wear to weddings?
  • What do women in Scotland normally wear?
  • How do teachers tend to dress at your school?


Describing general behavior

  • They generally wear a kit.
  • They normally wear a long skirt, but they sometimes wear a kit, too.
  • Men wear slacks, a shirt, and a tie. Woman tend to wear a blouse, a skirt, and a jacket.

Asking for ideas

  • What do you think?
  • Do you think this design is nice?
  • Is this a good color for me?
  • Do you think this looks good on me?

Offering ideas

  • I would get something more practical.
  • A different design might be better. 
  • You might want to try a different color.
  • I think this will look better on you.

Making requests

  • Would you get some pillows for the sofa?
  • Could you please get some pillows for the sofa?
  • Would you mind picking up a mirror?
  • Do you mind picking up a mirror?
  • Can you do me a favor?

Agreeing to requests

  • Sure. No problem.
  • Of course. I’d be happy to.
  • No, I don’t mind.

Asking about uses

  • What do you use it for?
  • How can you use it?
  • What is it used for?
  • What is its most interesting feature?

Describing uses

  • I use to to store photos and watch movies.
  • I can use it to read books and do homework.
  • It’s used for recording, editing, and sharing my music.
  • The most useful  feature is the editing software.

Asking for opinions

  • What do you think of the movie?
  • How do you like the movie?

Giving opinions

  • I think the movie is kind of boring.
  • I feel like the acting isn’t very good.
  • I find the acting terrible.
  • To me, the story is confusing
  • In my opinion the acting is excellent.
  • If you ask me, the acting could be better. 

Agreeing with opinions

  • I agree.
  • I think so, too.
  • I completely agree with you.
  • I feel exactly the same way.

Disagreeing with opinions

  • I don’t really agree.
  • I’m not sure about that.
  • I’m not sure I really agree.
  • I don’t feel that way at all.

Asking about an imaginary situation

  • What would you do?
  • What would you do if you were me?
  • What do you think I should do?
  • How would you feel?

Discussing an imaginary situation

  • I would be honest.
  • I would definitely apologize.
  • If I were you, I’d get her a birthday present.
  • I’d probably feel embarrassed.

Describing a series of events

  • Before I went to bed, I heard something interesting on the news.
  • She was watching TV when she learned about some needy families.
  • After watching the show, she decided to give all the money away.
  • Next, she set up a scholarship program to pay for the education of high school kids.
  • Then she decided to pay for their college tuition, too.
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