Unit 1 to 16

Starting a conversation

  • Hi. My name’s ….
  • Hello. How is it going?
  • Excuse me. What’s your name?
  • Nice day, isn’t it?

Closing a conversation

  • Listen, I’d better get going. See you later. 
  • Well, I need to go. Have a nice day.
  • I’ve got to run. Nice talking to you.
  • It’s been nice talking to you. Take care. 
Asking about appearance
  • What does he/she look like?
  • How tall is he/she?
  • Does she/he have red hair?
Describing appearance
  • She is pretty/gorgeous/ plain. 
  • He is very good-looking
  • He/she is really tall. 
  • She/he is medium height.
  • He/she is a little short.
  • No, she/he has dark brown hair. 
Asking about personalities
  • What are they like?
  • How would you describe him/her?
  • What’s he/she like?
  • Do you think you are patient?
Describing personalities
  • They are both very creative.
  • Alice is outgoing, but Matilda is shy.
  • I’d say he/she is outgoing and funny.
  • He’s she’s smart, but a little forgetful.
  • Yes, I’m a very patient person. Not really. In fact, I can be very impatient.

Talking about quantities

  • All of my friends text these days.
  • Most of my friends bring their laptops to class. 
  • Many of my friends have blogs.
  • A lot of my classmates have phones.
  • Some of the people I know are hard-working.
  • Not many of us have websites.
  • A few of my cousins are smart.
  • None of my friends play video games.

Asking about experiences

  • Have you ever had Mexican food? 
  • Have you ever tried Mexican food?
  • Have you ever been to a Turkish restaurant?
  • What Japanese dishes have you tried?

Describing experiences

  • Yes, I have.
  • Yes, I’ve had it several times.
  • No, I haven’t. I’ve never tried it.
  • No, but I’ve always wanted to go to one.
  • I’ve had sushi.
Giving a series of instructions
  • First, grill the bread.
  • Then rub the bread with garlic.
  • Next, pour olive oil on the bread.
  • After that, put on some chopped tomatoes.
  • Finally, add salt, pepper, and basil leaf.
Reminding someone of something
  • Make sure you grill both sides.
  • Remember to grill both sides.
  • Be sure to use fresh tomatoes.
  • Don’t forget to use fresh tomatoes.

Describing restaurants

  • The food is fantastic/pretty good/so-so.
  • They serve a lot of curries and noodle dishes.
  • The prices are expensive/reasonable/fairly cheap.
  • It attracts a lot of office workers at lunch.
  • The service is really great/slow.
  • It has a fun/relaxed atmosphere.

Taking orders

  • Are you ready to order?
  • May I take your order?
  • What would you like?
  • Would you like an appetizer?
  • Would you like dessert?
  • Would you like something to drink?

Ordering food

  • Yes, thank you. 
  • Not yet. Can I have another minute?
  • I’d like the fried chicken, please.
  • I’ll have the fried chicken, please. 
  • No, thanks.
  • Maybe later. 
  • Yes, I’ll have ice tea.

Describing health problems

  • I have a cold/the flue. 
  • I have a sore throat/sore back.
  • My stomach/knee hurts.
  • I can’t sleep at night. 

Making suggestions

  • Why don’t you go home and rest?
  • It’s a good idea to drink hot tea.
  • Try not to eat late at night.
  • I suggest seeing a doctor.

Asking for advice

  • What should I do?
  • What do you think I should do?
  • Should I join a gym?

Giving advice

  • I think you should exercise more.
  • If I were you, I’d climb stairs. 
  • I don’t think you should join a gym.
  • You shouldn’t join a gym.

Expressing wants and intentions

  • I really want to take a dancing class.
  • I’d like to take a dancing class.
  • I’ve always wanted to learn judo.
  • I wouldn’t like to learn judo.
  • I’d never learn judo.

Giving reasons

  • I need to get some exercise. 
  • I’d learn something new.
  • It seems like a lot of hard work.
  • I think it would be boring.

Asking for comparisons

  • Which is more interesting to watch?
  • Which is easier to play?
  • Which is more difficult to learn?
  • Which do you like more?

Making comparisons

  • Golf is not as interesting to watch as tennis.
  • Volleyball is easier to play than hockey.
  • Boxing is much more difficult to learn than bowling.
  • I like soccer more than tennis.
Describing abilities
  • I’m good at writing.
  • I can write pretty well.
  • I’m not very good with numbers.
  • I’m not very good at languages.
  • I can’t speak Portuguese very well.
Making a recommendation
  • You’d be a great journalist.
  • You would make a great journalist.
  • You should consider becoming a teacher.
  • I wouldn’t recommend becoming a teacher.
  • You should get a private tutor.

Expressing necessity

  • In business, you need to take risks.
  • I should need a good kitchen.
  • I’d have to have some money.
  • I’d need to have a fresh idea.

Expressing lack of necessity

  • You don’t need to have a car.
  • I wouldn’t need to have an office.
  • I wouldn’t have to have a car.
  • I don’t have to cook things myself.

Describing pros

  • I get to meet lots of interesting people.
  • I can use my languguage skills. 
  • I can travel for free. 
  • I don’t have to work weekends.

Describing cons

  • I have to stand all day.
  • The hours can be long.
  • I don’t get much vacation.
  • I don’t make much money.

Asking for someone on the phone

  • Is the manager there?
  • Can I speak to the manager, please?
  • Could I please speak to the manager?

Responding

  • This is the manager.
  • Speaking. (you are speaking to the manager)
  • Please hold. I’ll transfer you.

Asking about a job

  • Is the job still available?
  • What would my responsibilities be?
  • What are the hours?

Responding

  • Yes. We haven’t filled it yet.
  • Mostly preparing and serving coffee.
  • you would work on weekends from noon to 5 p.m.
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