Simple, compound, and complex sentences

Simple, compound, and complex sentences

Simple sentences

Simple sentences have 4 patterns:

1- One subject +one verb

e.g. I watched the world cup.

2- Two subjects + one verb

e.g. My friends and I watched the world cup.

3- One subject + two verbs

e.g. We watched the game and cheered.

4- Two subjects +two verbs.

e.g. My friend and I went to a café and watched the game on their big TV.

Compound sentences

A compound sentence has two subject-verb combinations. To make a compound sentence, connect two simple sentences. Put a comma after the first sentence, and they use a coordinating conjunction(and, or, but, nor, so, yet). Use and to add information, use but when the second idea is different or surprising, and use so to show a result.

Example:  My friend and I have TVs at home, but we like watching games at a café with other fans.

Example: My family liked their gifts, so I was happy about that.

Complex sentences

A complex sentence has one independent and one or more dependent clauses. In complex sentences, a comma is needed if the dependent clause comes before the independent clause.

Example: While the meat is cooking,  I prepare the sauce.

Example: I prepare the sauce while the meat is cooking.

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