Parts of speech

Writing skills

Nouns

Different types of nouns

  • Common nouns
  • Proper nouns 
  • Abstract nouns
  • Concrete nouns
  • Countable nouns
  • Uncountable nouns
  • Singular nouns
  • Plural nouns
  • Collective nouns
  • Compound nouns

Common nouns

Common nouns refer to nonspecific people, places, things, or ideas. Some examples are flower, desk, chair, apple, vase, etc.

The vase is on the table.

don’t pick the flowers.

she needs a new sofa.

Proper nouns

Proper nouns refer to specific people, places, things, etc. Some examples are Sara, Italy, Monday, June, and so on.

She was born in June.

Can we hang out on Saturday?

Sally couldn’t cope with the situation.

Florida is one of the most beautiful places on earth.

Abstract nouns

Abstract nouns refer to the things that you can not see, taste, smell, touch, or hear. Some examples are freedom, love, tradition, courage, etc.

Those traditions are absurd.

She didn’t have the courage to face her fears.

Love is blind.

Concrete nouns

Concrete nouns can be perceived with your five senses. Some examples are cat, house, plant, sofa, mirror, etc.

The mirror was broken.

Please open the curtain.

Roll up the window, please.

The torch didn’t work properly. 

Countable nouns

Countable nouns can be counted. Some examples are apples, cars, buildings, windows, girls, boys, pictures, etc.

The men were standing in the line.

All the dogs were living there.

The books were on the shelf an hour ago.

Uncountable nouns

Uncountable nouns can not be counted. Some examples are juice, water, milk, coffee, sugar, rice, etc.

We need some milk.

I drank some coffee this morning.

Would you like some juice?

Singular and plural nouns

Singular nouns refer to one person, thing, idea, or place; but plural nouns refer to more than one idea, place, person, or thing. Some examples are cat, cats; cow, cows; wall, walls; flower, flowers; lamp, lamps; and so on. 

She bought a new book.

She bought several new books.

The nightingales sang all night.

the nightingale seemed depressed. 

I lit a candle for my mom.

Every night I lit candles and meditate.

Collective nouns

  • Collective nouns refer to a group of things as one whole.

Some examples:

People: board, choir, class, committee, family, group, jury, panel, staff

Animals: flock, herd, pod, swarm

Things: bunch, collection, fleet, flotilla, pack, set

  • Singular and plural verbs with collective nouns:

A plural collective noun takes a plural verb:

The families enjoy this restaurant.

A singular collective noun usually takes a singular verb: 

Our family enjoys this restaurant.

  • But there are some cases where a singular collective noun actually expresses a plural idea and needs a plural verb. The guidelines below will help you decide whether a singular collective noun takes a singular or plural verb.
  • When to use a singular verb:

When all the members of a collective noun are performing an action as a unit (and that’s usually the case), use a singular verb.

The chamber orchestra often plays at the Art Centre.

The cast is celebrating the success of the play with a party after the performance.

A wolf pack hunts as a group.

  • When to use a plural verb:

When the members of a collective noun are performing an action as individuals, use a plural verb. In this case, all or some members of the group are doing something independently of the other members; the group is not acting together as a unit.

The orchestra are tuning their instruments.

The cast have been practicing their lines.

The flock were running off in every direction.

The staff disagree on the proposal.

  • In many cases, it may sound more natural to make the subject plural in form by adding a word like members:

The members of the orchestra are tuning their instruments.

The cast members have been practicing their lines.

The staff members disagree on the proposal.

Compound nouns

Compound nouns are made up of two or more smaller words. Some examples are mother-in-law, workbook, greenhouse, rainfall, washing machine, etc.

Do the workbook for next session.

The washing machine stopped working suddenly.

The vacuum cleaner was brand new. 

Her bedroom was a mess.

She had a nice haircut.

 

Verbs

Different types of verbs

  • Action verbs
  • Linking verbs
  • Helping/auxiliary verbs
  • main verbs
  • Transitive verbs
  • Intransitive verbs
  • Finite verbs
  • Non-finite verbs
  • Phrasal verbs

Action verbs

Action verbs are also called dynamic verbs. They express a physical or mental action. An action verb explains about something that the subject of the sentence is doing or has done. 

Examples:

John is catching the ball.

Julie accepted the invitation to the party. 

She started yelling at the children.

Linking verbs

Linking verbs connect the subject to the information about the subject. Some examples of action verbs are to be verbs, feel, taste, appear, look, seem, and become. Linking verbs mostly can be substituted with to be verbs.

Examples:

She felt upset./She is upset.

That dish tastes fabulous./ That dish is fabulous.

She became a teacher.

It seems nice.

Helping/ auxiliary verbs and main verbs

Helping verbs or auxiliary verbs are used with main verbs. They are used before the main verbs. Some helping verbs are will, can, could, should, must, would, have, has, had, used to, need to, and so on. 

Examples:

You can leave now. ( can is the modal and the helping or auxiliary verb, and leave is the main verb.

They need to take a taxi. (need to is the helping verb, and take is the main verb.)

They have been trying to solve the problem. (have and been are auxiliary verbs, and trying is the main verb.)

Transitive or intransitive verbs

  • A transitive verb has a direct object which is the receiver of the action. This direct object can be a noun or a pronoun, but it can’t be a prepositional phrase.

Example: I sent her a letter. (sent is a transitive verb; a letter is the direct object; and her is the indirect object.)

She taught me a lesson. (taught is the transitive verb here because we have objects after it; a lesson is the direct object; and me is the indirect object.)

  • Intransitive verbs don’t have objects. 

Example: They left. (left is an intransitive verb because we don’t have and need an object after it to complete the sentence. The sentence is complete just with a subject and an intransitive verb.)

Some more examples for intransitive verbs:

They jumped.

She ran away.

He sang.

We just listened.

Finite and non-finite verbs

  • Finite verbs change their form when there is a change in the subject like the person or the number. For example, for third person, we add -s or -es to the end of the finite verbs. 

Examples: 

She takes a bath.

take a bath. 

You can see that the verb changes, So it is a finite verb.

  • A non-finite verb doesn’t change its form when the number or the person in the subject changes. Infinitives, grounds, and participles are non-finite verbs.

An example: 

He worked hard to pass the exam. (‘to pass’ is an infinitive and it is a non-finite verb because it doesn’t change when the subject changes; but work is a finite verb because it changes with the subject changes.)

Phrasal verbs

A phrasal verb is a phrase consisting of a verb and another part such as an adverb, a preposition, or a combination of both. 

Some examples:

She looked for her keys all around the room.

Never look down on anyone.

Watch out.

Adjectives

Different types of adjectives

  • Descriptive adjectives
  • Quantitative adjectives
  • Demonstrative adjectives
  • Possessive adjectives
  • Interrogative adjectives
  • Distributive adjectives

Descriptive adjectives

They give the reader more information about the noun or pronoun. They describe a person, a place, a thing, etc.

Examples: new, old, young, fast, slow, big, large, enormous, huge, …

Example sentences:

They bought a new house.

This is a huge place.

Quantitative adjectives

Quantitative adjectives describe the amount of a noun.

Examples: little, few, many, all, numerous, ….

Example sentences: 

She has few friends.

We are going to have many guests.

Demonstrative adjectives

Demonstrative adjectives are also called determiners. They identify a noun or pronoun by expressing its position as far or near.

Demonstrative adjectives in English include ‘this’, ‘that’, ‘these’, and ‘those’.

Examples:

This coat is new.

These shoes are old-fashioned.

That cat is cute.

Those dogs are barking.

Possessive adjectives

  • Possessive adjectives are used before nouns or pronouns to show what or who owns them.

    Possessive adjectives are my, your, his, her, its, our, your, and their.

    Examples: 

    My phone is brand new.

    His backpack is heavy.

    She took my keys.

  • She gave me her own book.

Interrogative adjectives

Interrogative adjectives which are also known as interrogative determiners are the words that modify nouns by asking a question.

Interrogative adjectives in English are ‘what’, ‘which’, and ‘whose’.

Examples: 

What car will you give us?

Which house will she live in?

Whose phone is she using?

Distributive adjectives

Distributive adjectives are used to refer to each and every person separately. Some examples of distributive adjectives are each, every, any, one, both, either, neither, and both.

Example sentences:

Each girl received a gift.

Every city is unique.

Both parties were right.

Adverbs

Different types of adverbs

  • Adverbs of frequency
  • Adverbs of time
  • Adverbs of place
  • Adverbs of manner
  • Adverbs of degree

Adverbs of frequency

Adverbs of frequency tell you how often the verb occurs. Adverbs of frequency include: Always, almost always, usually, often, almost often, sometimes, occasionally, generally, seldom, rarely, hardly ever, and never.

Examples: 

I hardly ever go to the movies.

She always plays by the rules.

He sometimes attends unsupervised parties.

Adverbs of time

Adverbs of time give you more information about when a verb takes place. Adverbs of time are usually used at the beginning or at the end of the sentence. Some examples of adverbs of time are just, recently, during, yet, soon, so far, lately, etc.

Examples:

So far, we have reached a good result.

lately, we found out that she was pregnant.

They will let us know soon.

I haven’t found it yet.

Adverbs of place

Adverbs of place tell you where the verb is happening. Some examples are here, there, everywhere, anywhere, nowhere, out, in, above, below, inside, outside, into, etc.

Examples:

She is standing over there.

We looked for her everywhere.

She is out in the dark.

Adverbs of manner

Adverbs of manner give you more information about how a verb is done. Most of these adverbs end in -ly, so they are easy to spot. Some examples are quickly, slowly, carefully, normally, calmly, sadly, politely, etc.

Examples:

She drives slowly and carefully.

Normally, she tires to behave in public.

They asked for this favor politely.

Adverbs of degree

Adverbs of degree refer to the level or the intensity of a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Some examples are almost, quite, nearly, too, enough, just, hardly, etc.

Examples:

Almost everyone was present at the meeting.

I agree with her, too.

hardly remember her.

Prepositions

Definition

Prepositions are short words that are usually used in front of nouns or gerunds. We don’t have any specific rule about when to use which preposition. The only way to learn prepositions is to look them up in dictionaries and reading a lot. 

Prepositions of time

  • On (Days of the week): on Monday, On Friday
  • In (months, time of day, year, after a certain period of time): in June, In 1987, in the afternoon, in an hour
  • At (night, weekend, a certain point of time): at night, at the weekend, at half past ten
  • Since (from a certain point of time in the past till now): Since 1988
  • For (over a certain period of time in the past till now): for 5 years
  • Ago (a certain time in the past): 3 months ago
  • Before (earlier than a certain point of time): before 2009
  • To (telling the time): five to eight
  • Past (telling the time): five past eight
  • To/Till/ Until (showing the beginning and end of a time period): from 10 to 12
  • Till/Until (how long something is going to last): He is on vacation till Sunday.
  • By (up to a certain time):  I’ll be there by six.

Prepositions of place

  • In (room, building, country, town, book, street, paper, car, taxi, world, picture, etc): In the living room, in the U.S., in the book, in the car, in the taxi, in the picture, in Florida, …
  • At (it means next to  or by an object- table, events; it also can refer to a place where you are to do something typical- study, work, watch a movie, etc): at the door, at the station, at the table, at the movies, at the concert, at the party, at work, at home, at school, …
  • On (attached, a place with a river, on a surface, a certain side like left or right, a floor in a house, public transport, TV, radio, etc): on the wall, on the table, on the left, on the third floor, on the bus, on a plane, on the train, on TV, on the radio, ….
  • By/Next to/ Beside (on the right or left of something or someone): She is sitting next to/ by/ beside the table.
  • Under /below (lower than something): under the carpet, below the surface
  • Over (covered by something else, more than, the other side, overcoming an obstacle): Over your shirt, over 15 years old, over the bridge, over the wall, …
  • Above (higher than something else): a path above the lake
  • Across (getting to the other side): across the bridge, across the lake, …
  • Through (something with limits on top, bottom and sides): through a tunnel, through the door, …
  • To (movement to building or person, movement to country or a place, for bed): to the café, to Canada, to bed, …
  • Into (enter a building or a room): go into the room or into the kitchen
  • Towards (movement in the direction of something): go towards the building, 
  • Onto (movement to the top of something): onto the table 
  • From (with the meaning of where from): a plant from the garden

Other important prepositions

  • From (who gave it): a present from Alison
  • Of (who/what does it belong to; what does it show): a page of a magazine, a picture of a dolphin
  • By (who made it): a book by Paulo Coelho
  • On (walking or riding on, entering a public transportation vehicle): on a horse, on foot, on the bus, on the plane, on the train
  • In (entering a car or a taxi): get in the car, get in the taxi
  • Off (leaving a public transportation vehicle): get off the bus, get off the train
  • Out of (leaving a car or a taxi): get out of the car; get out of the taxi
  • By (rise or fall of something, traveling): prices have risen by 20 percent; by car, by taxi
  • At (for age): she learned Spanish at 65
  • About (for topics): talking about motivation

Articles

Definition

An article is a a word that describes or modifies a noun. It is used before a noun to show if it is specific or not. There are two types of articles: definite articles and indefinite articles.

Definite article

They are used to show that we are clear, exact, and obvious about something. Definite articles refer to the things that we know or we have some previous information about them. 

Examples:

I saw the movie that you introduced.

The teacher is so strict this semester. 

Can you give me the magazines on the shelf?

Indefinite articles

They are used to show the exact opposite; They refer to something that is not clear, exact, or obvious. We use a/an as indefinite articles.

Examples:

I saw an elephant at the zoo.

I read an article.

She has a nice house.

He was an honest man.

I had an MP3 player when I was 5.

As you know, An is used before the nouns that start with a vowel. (notice that you should pay attention to the sounds not the letters) 

Pronouns

Definition

What is a Pronoun?

Pronouns make a small subcategory of nouns. The distinguishing characteristic of pronouns is that they can be substituted for other nouns. For instance, if you’re telling a story about your friend ‘Jane’, the story will begin to sound repetitive if you keep repeating ‘Jane’ over and over again. So you can use different pronouns to refer to Jane like she as a subject, or her as an object. 

Subject pronouns

Subject pronouns are used before the verb as the subject of the sentence. Subject pronouns include I, you, he, she, it, we, you, and they.

I helped her doing her homework.

You didn’t have the right to do that.

She stopped talking.

He played by the rules.

It barked all night.

We had a whale of a time.

You can’t leave the class without the teacher’s permission.

They always drop by unannounced. 

Object pronouns

Object pronouns are used after the verb. Object pronouns include me, you, him, her, it, us, you, and them.

She told me the whole truth.

I can’t promise you that.

I bought her a nice scarf.

They got him out of the jail.

I fed it 2 hours ago.

Please excuse us for being late.

I can’t recall you.

I told them about the party. 

Possessive pronouns

Possessive pronouns show that something belongs to someone. Possessive pronouns are used alone, without a noun following them. Possessive pronouns are mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, yours, theirs.

That book is mine.

The scarf is yours.

The blue car is hers.

The house was his.

The bird is ours.

That class is yours.

The toys were theirs.

Reflexive pronouns

  • Reflexive pronouns refer back to someone or something, and they end in -self or -selves. We often use reflexive pronouns when the subject and the object of a verb are the same. Reflexive pronouns are myself,  yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, and themselves.

I cut myself when I was cutting the paper.

You can’t even trust yourself.

The girl killed herself over something stupid.

He made himself some coffee.

It saw itself in the mirror. 

We are really proud of ourselves.

you should enjoy yourselves.

The students in that class can monitor themselves.

  • By plus a reflexive pronoun means alone. 

He lives by himself.

She sat there by herself thinking about the mistakes she had made.

He went to the party by himself since his wife was in travel.

  • Some verbs are commonly followed by a reflexive pronoun. Some examples are:

Believe in yourself.

Don’t blame yourself.

Enjoy yourself.

Don’t feel sorry for yourself.

Help yourself.

Don’t hurt yourself.

Introduce yourself.

Be proud of yourself.

Take care of yourself.

 

Exercises

  • Write complete sentences using the underlined words.
  1. Light as a noun
  2. Light as an adjective
  3. Light as a verb
  4. Spring as a verb
  5. Spring as a noun
  • Write noun, adjective, verb, or preposition under each underlined word. 

Canada is one of the best countries in the world to live in. First, Canada has an
excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Second, Canada has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well‐trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Canada’s cities are clean and efficiently managed. Canadian cities have many parks and lots of space for people to live. As a result, Canada is a desirable place to live.

Exercises

Fill in the blanks with the correct pronoun.

  1. John bought two cars last winter. He paid a lot for _____.
  2. This house is very old. _____ was built two centuries ago.
  3. Can I have some lemons? _____ are all gone. 
  4. The police officer  blocked the road. _____ said that someone had an accident.
  5. You all look filthy. Wash _____ off in the bath.
  6. Those shops are open at terrible hours. I can never visit _____ after work.
  7. The football team has a great new kit. They paid for it _____.
  8. There were many dogs in the competition. I won because _____  was the best.
  9. Who left this hat here? Those girls just arrived, so I know it’s not _____.
  10. Paul wanted more ice cream. He bought it _____.
  11. I like your phone. Please let _____ see it.
  12. This painting is wonderful. Did you do it _____?
  13. Don’t take this pink pen. It is _____.
  14. She was crying earlier. Something made _____ upset.
  15. Don’t underestimate —— abilities. She is quite talented.

Exercises For Nouns

Underline different types of nouns in each sentence and write which type of noun it is.

1- Sara looks up to her mother.

2-Love is blind.

3- Jealousy is an ugly emotion.

4- I am free on Saturdays and Mondays.

5- I was born in June in Paris.

6- Beauty can’t be defined. 

7- John had a bad accident.

8- Butterflies are the most beautiful creatures.

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Reyhane Alizade

Noun:The lights in the office were still on
Adjective:I fell into a light sleep
Verb:I light the fire and poured a drink
Verb:Tom spring out of bed and run downstairs
Noun:The spring of 1933

Countries:noun/excellent:adj/at:preposition/are taught:verb/are encouraged:verb/university:noun/clean:adj/managed:verb/desirable:adj

samira alitaneh

Noun:The lights in the office were still on
Adjective:I fell into a light sleep
Verb:I light the fire and poured a drink
Verb:Tom spring out of bed and run downstairs
Noun:The spring of 1933

Countries:noun/excellent:adj/at:preposition/are taught:verb/are encouraged:verb/university:noun/clean:adj/managed:verb/desirable:adj

Rezasoltani

Noun:The lights in the office were still on
Adjective:I fell into a light sleep
Verb:I light the fire and poured a drink
Verb:Tom spring out of bed and run downstairs
Noun:The spring of 1933

Countries:noun/excellent:adj/at:preposition/are taught:verb/are encouraged:verb/university:noun/clean:adj/managed:verb/desirable:adj

maryam kheibary

1.The light is not working yet
2.I had a light lunch
3. Lamps light the street
4. It is spring now
5.I spring out of this work
Countries=noun/exellent=ad/at=preposition/are encouraged=verb/university=noun/clean=adj/manajed=verb/desirable=adj

maryam kheibary

Are taught=verb

zahra hosseini

1.The light was beginning to fail.
2.You look nice in light colors.
3.I’ll light a fire and you can get warmed up.
4.He springs to his feet and rushed after her.
5.They moved here last spring.
.
countries:N / excellent:ADJ / at:PREPO / are taught:V / are encouraged:V / university:N / clean:ADJ / managed:V / desirable:ADJ /

Najmeh Nemati

| Finiteand verb |

1: He goes to english class
2: She travels so long
3: I love climbing a mountain

| A non _ Finite verb |

1: I needed a sound sleep to clam my mind
2: We are ready to play now
3: She has to find the bag befor evening

| Phrasal verb |

1: It’s time to get on the plane (Get on )
2: It’s important to show up on time (Show up )
3: She took of his hat to show me her ( Took of )

{ About Adjectives }

| Descriptive adjectives |

1: I have a fragrant flower
2: She is a kind girl
3: They bought a new sofa

| Quantitative adjectives |

1: They have a few fruit for guests.
2: I need a little water because i’m thirsty .
3: She has few color for painting .

| Demonstrative |

1: This car is old
2: That painting are beautiful
3: Those children can speak french .

| Possessive |

1: My sister likes to play with her dolls.
2: Their house is near the city.
3: Is this your brother ?

| Interrogative |

1: Which book do you like more?
2: What house will you buy ?
3: Which flower is you’r favorite?

| Distributive |

1: Each girl must bring her own buy .
2: Every student is asked to bring a jotter .
3: Both children played together .

Mohammad Taha Kaboodani

∆Adverbs of frequency:
*He sometimes goes to the nursing house for understanding his future.
*I hardly ever play the piano.
∆Adverbs of time:
*I haven’t played Grand Theft Auto(a game)yet.
*I have to go,so see you soon.
∆Adverbs of place:
*I checked everywhere but I couldn’t find it.
*Come to inside! It is going to be cold.
∆Adverbs of manner:
*I can solve it easily.
*The police couldn’t find the robber sadly.
∆Adverbs of degree:
*I just love you and this is my sin.
*I was almost there but he said that he has gone a long time ago.
∆Perpositions of time:
*He has been there for seven years.
*I have a meeting on Thursday,but I am not sure for going there.
*She will probably arrive to the cinema at 7.
*We can stay here until tomorrow.

Amir hosein Alizadeh

1_The light is not working
2_I had a light lunch
3_Lamps light the street
4_ It’s spring now
5_I spring out of this work
Countries:Noun/exellent:ad/at:preposition/are manajed:verb/university:noun/clean:adj/encouraged:verb/desirable:Adj

Zeinab Karimian

1.could you turn the light on?/n
2.I love your light blue eyes./adj
3.The fire wouldn’t light ./v
4.Plans to spring the hostages have failed./v
5.He was born in the spring of 1994./n

Countries>noun/excellent>adj/at>preposition/are taught>verb/are encouraged>verb/university>noun/clean>adj/managed>verb/desirable>adj

Zeinab Hasany

1)would yoy please turn on the lights?
2) She has light blue eyes.
3) I light the fire and poured a drink.
4) Tom spring out of bed and run downstairs.
5) I was born in spring.
Countries=N/excellent=adj/are taught=v/at=proposition/are encouraged=v/university=N/clean=adj/managed=v/describle=adj

Reyhane Alizade

1.them
2.it
3.they
4.he
5.yourself
6.them
7.by themselves
8.my dog,mine
9.theirs
10.for himself,by himself
11.me
12.by yourself
13.mine
14.her
15.her

Shadi Deymekaran

Finite verb
1. I worked very hard today and now I’m tired.
2.This television show has a large following

Non-finite verb
1. Please be quiet; she is trying to study.
2.The children need a garden to play in.

Phrasal verb
1.They all dressed up to take part in the New Year’s party.
2.He’s not competent to look after young children.

Descriptive adj
1.Old men were sitting on park benches.
2.Thomas Edison possessed an innovative mind.

Quantitative adj
1.Only a few of the enemy’s fighter planes were airworthy
2.There’s a little water in the jar

Demonstrative adj
1.This appel tree is very fertile.
2.Those soldiers were a devoted and courageous bunch.

Possessive adj
1.He borrowed their ladder to paint his house .
2.She is in her office.

Interrogative adj
1. Whose pen will they bring to you?
2. Which notebook will they show you?

Distributive adj
1.I didn’t see any birds on the tree.
2. we each have our own car.

Rezasoltani

1.them
2.it
3.they
4.he
5.yourself
6.them
7.by themselves
8.my dog,mine
9.theirs
10.for himself,by himself
11.me
12.by yourself
13.mine
14.her
15.her

zahra hosseini

1.them
2.it
3.they
4.he
5.yourself
6.them
7.by themselves
8.my dog
9.theirs
10.for himself
11.me
12.by yourself
13.mine
14.her
15.her

samira alitaneh

1.them
2.it
3.they
4.he
5.yourself
6.them
7.by themselves
8.my dog,mine
9.theirs
10.for himself,by himself
11.me
12.by yourself
13.mine
14.her
15.her

maryam kheibary

1.them
2.it
3.they
4.he
5.yourself
6.them
7.by themselves
8.my dog
9.theirs
10.for himself
11.me
12.by yourself
13.mine
14.her
15.her

Masoomeh

?Finite verbs?
1. We don’t get any food because we didn’t have enough time.
2. He was shoothing arrows into the air.

?non-finite verbs?
1. He left the party and went home,not having anyone to talk to.
2. By the end of the day,although exhausted, Sara didn’t feel tired.

?Phrasal verbs?
1. His wife ended their relationship last week.
2. He always tought they were on good terms.

?Descriptive adjectives?
1. The brave  soldier returned from battle a hero.
2. Sara bought Amir a diamond  ring.

?Quantitative adjectives?
1. I have sufficient  money for my annual holidays.
2. People don’t get enough  exercise these days.

?Demonstrative adjectives?
1. I want those shoes for my birthday.
2. These flowers are very beautiful.

?Possessive adjectives?
1. I walked to my  school this morning.
2. We kicked the ball in their backyard.

?Interrogative adjectives?
1. Which book do you like best?
2. What book is that?

?Distributive adjectives?
1. Every student was asked to keep their desk tidy.
2. Each parent was given a brochure promoting the school.

Zeinab Karimian

1.them
2.it
3.they
4.he
5.yourself
6.them
7.by themselves
8.my dog،mine
9.theirs
10.for himself،by himself
11.me
12.by yourself
13.mine
14.her
15.her

kareshkimahsa

1.Sara>>proper noun….mother >>common noun
2.love>> abstract noun
3,Jealousy >>abstract noun….emotion>> abstract noun
4. Saturday/ Monday >>proper noun
5. June/ Parise >> proper noun
6. Beauty >> abstract noun
7.John >>proper noun…. accident >> common noun
8. Butterflies >> countable noun

Nastaran Koohjani

1 ) Sara = proper noun / mother = common noun
2 ) love= abstract noun
3) jealousy / emotion = abstract noun
4 ) Saturday / Monday = proper noun
5) June / Paris = proper noun
6) beauty = abstract noun
7 ) John = proper noun/ accident= common noun
8 ) butterflies= countable noun

Mina modabberi

1.sara:proper,mother:common,2:abbstract,3:jealousy:abstract,4:saturday,monday:proper,5:june,paris:proper,6:beaty:abstract,7:john:proper,accident:common,butterflies:countable

Mahdiye Alipour Vahid

1_ Sara = proper noun , mother= common noun .
2_ love = abstract noun .
3_ jealousy = abstract noun , emotion = abstract noun .
4_ Saturday and Monday = proper noun .
5 _ Paris and June = proper noun .
6 _ beauty = abstract noun .
7 _ John = proper noun , accident = common noun .
8 _ Butterflies = countable noun .

Zahra Bayat

1)Sara is a proper noun , mother is a common noun

2)love is a abstract noun

3)jealousy and emotion are abstract noun

4)Saturday and Monday are proper noun

5) June and Paris are proper noun

6) beauty is abstract noun and un countable noun

7) John is proper noun , accident is common noun and uncountable noun

8) Butterflies is concrete noun and countable noun , creature is countable noun and common noun

Masoomehshahsavan

1: Sara =proper noun , mother=common noun
2: love=abstract noun
3: jealousy , emotion = abstract noun
4: Saturday , Monday =proper noun
5: June, Paris =proper noun
6: baeuty=abstract noun
7: john=proper noun , accident =common noun
8: butterflies = common noun

Masoomehshahsavan

1: Sara =proper noun , mother=common noun
2: love=abstract noun
3: jealousy , emotion = abstract noun
4: Saturday , Monday =proper noun
5: June, Paris =proper noun
6: baeuty=abstract noun
7: john=proper noun , accident =common noun
8: Butterflies = countabl noun

Masoomehshahsavan

1: Sara =proper noun , mother=common noun.
2: love=abstract noun.
3: jealousy , emotion = abstract noun.
4: Saturday , Monday =proper noun.
5: June, Paris =proper noun.
6: baeuty=abstract noun.
7: john=proper noun , accident =common noun.
8: Butterflies = countabl noun.

Masoomehshahsavan

1: Sara =proper noun , mother=common noun.
2: love=abstract noun.
3: jealousy = abstract noun , emotion = abstract noun.
4: Saturday = proper noun, Monday =proper noun.
5: June , Paris =proper noun.
6: baeuty=abstract noun.
7: john=proper noun , accident =common noun.
8: Butterflies = countabl noun.

Najmeh Nemati

1_ Sara : proper noun , mother : common noun
2_ Love : abstract noun
3_ Jeolousy and emotion : are abstract noun
4_ Saturday and Monday : are proper noun
5 _ June and Paris : are proper noun
6_ Beauty : abstract noun
7_ John : proper noun , accident : common noun
8_ Batterflies : countable noun & concrete noun , creature : common noun & countable noun

Maryam Akhlaghi

1.Sara : proper noun , mother :common noun
2.love : abstract noun
3. jealousy: abstract noun , emotion:abstract noun
4. Saturday:proper noun , Monday : proper noun
5. June: proper noun , Paris: proper noun
6. beauty: abstract noun
7. John : proper noun , accident : common and uncountable noun
8. butterfly: common , concrete and countable noun
creature: common and countable noun

Shadi Deymekaran

Action verb
1.She often spoke of the wonderful times she’d spent with her grandparents
2.The children played outside until it was dark

Linking verb
1.The ocean looked peaceful
2.I felt so excited that day

Auxiliary verb
1. She needs to take her medication on time for her health
2. He can ski on the ski slope

Main verb
1.The police officers left him to think about his decision
2.The student left the class one hour earlier

Transitive verb
1.He always sends flowers to his mother on her birthday
2.She gave her old computer to her sister

Intransitive verb
1.They went to the local hospital
2.. I rarely listen to the news

Shadi Deymekaran

1.Sara : proper noun , mother :common noun
2.love : abstract noun
3. jealousy: abstract noun , emotion:abstract noun
4. Saturday:proper noun , Monday : proper noun
5. June: proper noun , Paris: proper noun
6. beauty: abstract noun
7. John : proper noun , accident : common and uncountable noun
8. butterfly: common , concrete and countable noun
creature: common and countable noun

Fatemeh Anaraki Moghadam

«1»Sara =proper noun , mother=common noun
«2»love=abstract noun
«3»jealousy,emotion =
abstract noun
«4»Saturday , Monday =proper noun
«5»June, Paris =proper noun
«6»baeuty=abstract noun
«7»john=proper noun , accident =common noun
«8»butterflies = common noun

Zahra Shabani

1_sara:proper noun/mother:common noun.
2_love:abstract noun.
3_emoiton,jealousy:abstract noun.
4_ Saturday,Monday:proper noun.
5_ June,Paris:proper noun.
6_beauty:abstract noun.
7_ John:proper noun/accident:common noun.
8_ Butterflies: countable noun.

Shadi Deymekaran

Commen noun
1.I climb Damavand mountain
2. Kourosh was one of the knowledgeable and perspective Kings of Iran

Proper noun
1. people rushed to stores to buy food
2. Food prices have jumped incredibly

Abstract noun
1.we all seek success and happiness
2. Whole student was afraid of teacher’s anger

Concrete noun
1. There aren’t good programs on TV
2. That book was very diverting

Countable noun
1.Plastic bags do not absorb in nature
2.Workers wear protective glasses

 Uncountable noun
1. The policeman guided the traffic
2.  She ordered 3 hamburgers and a cup of coffee

Singular noun
1.The child stopped crying then fell into a deep sleep
2.She switched on the bedside lamp.

Plural noun
1.Men and women were standing in two separate ranks
2. Brush your teeth after each meal

Collective noun
1. The whole class knew the answer to the question
2. As soon as the president came in, the band started playing

Compound noun
1.She washed all the dishes in the dishwasher
2.All students are required to do their workbook

taha.kaboodani81

Number1: Sara is a proper noun,mother is a common noun.
Number2: love is a abstract noun.
Number3: jealousy and emotion are abstract noun.
Number4: Saturday and Monday are proper noun.
Number5: June and Paris are proper noun.
Number6: beauty is a abstract noun.
Number7: John is a proper noun and accident is a common noun.
Number8: butterflies is a countable noun, creature is a common noun and is a coutable noun too.

Mahdis Eskandar

1)sara=proper noun / mother=common noun
2)love=abstract noun
3) jealousy and emotion=abstract noun
4) Saturday and Monday=proper noun
5)june and paris=proper noun
6)beauty=abstract and countable noun
7) John=proper noun/accident=common and uncountable noun
8) butterflies=concrete and countable noun /creatur=common and countable noun

Narges Nourizad

1)Sara is a proper noun , mother is a common noun

2)love is a abstract noun

3)jealousy and emotion are abstract noun

4)Saturday and Monday are proper noun

5) June and Paris are proper noun

6) beauty is abstract noun and un countable noun

7) John is proper noun , accident is common noun and uncountable noun

8) Butterflies is concrete noun and countable noun , creature is countable noun and common noun

Mahla Mirzaee

1)Sara is a proper noun , mother is a common noun

2)love is a abstract noun

3)jealousy and emotion are abstract noun

4)Saturday and Monday are proper noun

5) June and Paris are proper noun

6) beauty is abstract noun and un countable noun

7) John is proper noun , accident is common noun and uncountable noun

8) Butterflies is concrete noun and countable noun , creature is countable noun and common noun

Samieh Bakhtiari

Sara > proper noun , mother > common noun
love > abstract noun
jealousy and emotion > abstract noun
Saturday and Monday > proper noun
June and Paris > proper noun
beauty > abstract noun and uncountable
John > proper noun , accident > common noun , creature is countable noun and common noun

alirezax.kashefi

1_Sara is a proper noun
mother is a common noun

2_ love is an abstract noun

3_jealousy and emotion are abstract nouns

4_Saturday and Monday are proper nouns

5_ June and Paris are proper nouns

6_ beauty is an abstract and uncountable noun
7_ John is a proper noun
accident is a common and uncountable noun

8_ Butterflies is a concrete and countable noun
creature is a countable and common noun

Zahra Bayat

?Collective nouns?

☆aboard of Directors , a board of governors , aboard of girls
☆a chori of singers, a choir of dancers
☆a class of students, a class of pupils
☆group of dancers
☆panel of experts
☆staff of employees

☆flock of birds , flock of sheep , a flock of goat
☆a herd of cattle , a herd of elephants, a herd of zebra
☆pod of whales , pod of dolphins
☆swarms of bees, a swarm of locusts

☆bunch of flowers, bunch of keys , bunch of grapes
☆ collection of vases
☆fleet of ships, fleet of boats
☆flotilla of plastics, flotilla of boats
☆pack of cards , pack of cigarettes
☆ set of tools , set of clubs

?Compound nouns ?

There is a rainbow that looks awesome in sky.( rainbow)
A policeman has the power to arrest a criminal. ( policeman )
The tomatoes were grown in the greenhouse. ( greenhouse)
I have pink keyboard. ( keyboard)

♡Verbs♡

♡action verbs:

I usually make lunch on the weekend.
He walks every morning.

♡linking verbs ♡
Every thing seems normal.
Your sister looks upset.

♡helping verbs♡
Zahra knows how to play chess.
He has studied English.

♡transitive verb♡
I sent an email to my sister.
You must edit the letter.

♡interansitive♡
They came later.
Iam swimming.

Mahdiye Alipour Vahid

?Finite verbs?
? The man runs to the store to get a gallon of milk.
? Zahra is a teacher.

?non_finite verbs?
?I cooked dinner last Thursday.
?He wanted to find a solution.

?Phrasal verbs ?
?I didn’t want to bring the situation up at the meeting . (bring up).
? Please can you fill this form in?
(fill in).

?Descriptive adjectives ?
?He bought an expensive old silver mirror.
? She is a clever girl.
?He gave me four gorgeous yellow roses.

?Quantitative adjectives?
?He has little knowledge about history.
?Do you have a little time to go shopping?
? Sorry I have little money and I can’t lend you much.

?Demonstrative adjectives?
? This shark is pregnant.
? Put those tins in the cupboard.
? That lady looks worried.

?Possessive adjective ?
? Their team was a lot better than our team.
?we looked everywhere for my dog.

?Interrogative adjective?
? What food have you never eaten but would like to try?
? Which car will they give us?

?Distributive adjectives ?
? Does any of you have a pencil?
? Five members were seated on each chair .
? I go to the movies every week.

Najmeh Nemati

Najmeh Nemati

| Collective noun |

People :

1_ board : manager , boys , director
2_ Choir : vocal group , dancers , bands
3_Class : board, chair , teachers , students
4_ Family : Father, mother , sister
5_ Group : tourism group , students , board
6_ Jury : contest , university
7_ Panel : consomer , experts ,
8_ Staff : compony , bank

Animals :
1_flock: birds , gesse ,
2_Herd : zebras , cattle
3_Pod : Fishes , dolphins , whales
4_Swarm: bees, ants , flies

Things :
1_Bunch :flowers , bananas , key
2_Collection : aotomobiles, cois
3_ Fleet : planes , trucks, ships
4_Flotilla : boat , wood
5_ pack: paper, kleenex
6_ Set : clothes , clubs , home appliances

| About Compound noun | :

1_ I eat breakfast . ( breakfast )
2_ Do you exercise for your wellbeing ? ( Wellbeing)
3_ Icecream is delicious .(Icecream )
4_ His classmates are getting to know him better .(classmates)

| VERBS |

{Action verbs} :
1_They bought a new house .(Bought )
2_I will play this song on my guitar.(Play)

{Linking verbs}:
1_She became s doctor . (Became)
2_He felt sleepy after eating the whole pizza .(Felt )

{Helping verbs} :
1_ I can paint faces . ( Can is the modal and the helping or auxiliary verb , paint is the main verb )
2_She needs a taxi to go . (Needs is helping verb , to go is main verb )

{Atransitive verbs } :
1_ She sent a postcard to her friend in tehran . ( Sent is transitive verb , post card is direct object , her is indirect object )
2_ Please buy me a puzzle . ( buy is atran… , Puzzle is direct , me is a indirect )

{Intransitive verbs}
1_ We went to many places to gether .
2_ Don’t just sit there idly.

Mahdiye Alipour Vahid

? collective nouns ?

People :

?board : boys , girls , director , manager
?Choir : dancers , church , singers
?Class : teachers , students , public
? Family : brother , sister , mother
?Group : students , board
?Jury : university
?Panel : experts
?Staff : factory , compony , bank

?Animals :

?flock: birds , goats , sheep
?Herd : zebras , cattle , elephants
?Pod : hippopotamuses, whales
?Swarm: honey bees , ants , locusts

?Things :

?Bunch : grapes , flowers , bananas , key
?Collection : art , stamp , coins
?Fleet : cars , ships
?Flotilla : boat , wood
? pack: fools , lies , wolves
?Set : number , elements

? Compound nouns ?

we had eggs and honey for breakfast . (breakfast)
The cowboy was whipping his horse .(cowboy)

♡Verbs♡

♡action verbs:

we ate dinner then walked around the park.
I lay on the couch and slept there all night .
Close the door!!

♡linking verbs ♡
My brother gets mad when he’s hungry.
The tomato smells rotten .
The company stay true to its founding principles.

♡helping verbs♡
I’m having another piece of pizza .
They are planning to go out of town.

♡transitive verb♡
The kids like pickles .
That’s really annoys me .

♡intransitive♡
The birds flies .
I ran .

kareshkimahsa

? Collective noun:
People:
♧ a board of directors, a board of education, a board of trade, a board of trustees.
♧ choir of dancers, choir of singers
♧ class of students, class of teachers
♧ committee of the whole, committee of ways, committee of means
♧family of love, family of computers, family of curves, family of functions, family of nations
♧ group of eight, a group of cheerleaders, a group of friends
♧ a jury box, a jury mast
♧ a panel of experts, a panel of judges
♧ staff of life
? ANIMALS
♧ a flock of birds, a block of goats, a flock of sheep
♧ a herd of cows, a herd of deer
♧ a pod of coffee
♧ swarm of locusts, swarm of wasps
?THINGS
♧ bunch of bananas, bunch of keys
♧ collection of articles, collection of statistical data
♧fleet of cars, fleet of foot
♧ flotilla of ducks, flotilla of clouds
♧ pack of cards, pack of lies, pack of thieves
?COMPOUND NOUN
☆I make fast food….fast food
☆she read student book in the class….student book
?Action verb
☆ She is driving her car….driving
☆ My uncle watchs‌ TV….watch
? LINKING verb
☆I feel sad….feel
☆ She become nurse….become
?Helping verb
☆ you can drink water in class….can
☆You should go home, if you tired.?..should
?Transitive verb
☆ She lends money to her friends….lends
☆ We make film about birds…make
?Intransitive verb:
☆They dance…dance .
☆ She is running…run

Mina Modabberi

Collective noun for fish :
Troop:a troop of dogfish
Herring: an army of herring
Minnows: a steam of minnows
Swarm :swarm of eel
School:a school of pilchards
◇compound noun :1,please set the dining_table 2,my uncle has a greenhouse
□action verb :1,i swiming in the sea 2,my father works in a company
○linking verb :1,my mother became a nurse 2,she feeling hungry
●auxiliary verb : it has rained so many days 2, could you play basketball?
☆intransitive:1,the teacher smiled 2,they came late
■transitive:1,i sent an emil 2,he sagn last night..

Maryam Akhlaghi

Common nouns :
1. Water and ice are the same substance in different forms.
2. Oil is Iran’s main export.
Proper nouns :
1. The Eiffel tower has beautiful architecture.
۲.Saadi is one of the great and famous Iranian poets.
Abstract nouns:
1.Kindness is a feeling that all mothers have for their children.
۲.Self-confidence is one of the reasons for success and not being afraid of failures.
Concrete nouns:
1.I don’t read a lot of books, but the ones I like tend to be like biographies.
2.In summer, it is necessary to use sunscreen ‌.
Countable nouns:
1.Scooter is one of the favorite toys of children.
2.Iranian handmade carpets are very famous all over the world.
Uncountable nouns:
1.The Russia-Ukraine war is one of the most important news these days.
2.Music and art bring peace to human beings.
Singular nouns:
1.The vacuum cleaner has various attachments.
2. I record all my thoughts in a notebook.
Plural nouns:
1.Trust is like erasers . It gets smaller and smaller after every mistake.
2.Math and physics classes are confusing and boring.
Collective nouns:
1.Managers of some companies consult with their staff to decide on important issues.
2.The family is the most important support and encouragement for human.
Compound nouns:
1.There are many types of butterflies and they can be found almost everywhere.
2.Students’ homework is very important for teachers and affects their grades.
Action verbs:
1.I usually cook on weekends because I have more free time.
2.I write when I’m upset, it helps calm me down.
Linking verbs:
1.Persian literature class is always boring for me and I do not enjoy this course .
2.The view of the sunset looks very beautiful and pleasant.
Auxiliary verbs:
1.The people of any society must respect and obey the laws and culture .
2.Human beings can not be judged by appearance, and only the morals and personality of individuals determine their value.
Transitive verbs:
1.I sent an email to my teacher.
2.I told a story to my younger brother to put him to sleep.
Intransitive verbs:
1.Soldiers acted with great courage in battle.
2.Unemployment will continue if adequate measures are not taken.

Hoda Yousefi

Bentolhoda yousefi:
Collective nouns??
1.My tribe was die a Long Time ago
2.I like all of the band in music
___—-____—-____—-____—
Compound nouns:??
1.My sister is a housewife.
2.Please fasten your seatbelt.
____—-____—-____—-___–
Action verb:??
1.The train is on the track.”
2.“The gazelles are in the field.”
___—___—____—-___—___
Linking verb:??
1.he is feeling hungry.
2.saghar is my friend.
___—___—___—___—____—
Main verb??
1.They have a lovely house
2.They have sold their house

Nastaran Koohjani

collective nouns
{people}
1 a board of directors robbers soldiers
2 a choir of singers angels bands
3 a class of students teachers
4 committee of ways
5 family of love function nation
6 group of dancers islands
7 jury of judges university
8 panel of experts judges
9 staff of employees life

{animals}

1 flock of sheeps birds pigeons
2 herd of cows goats deer
3 pod of whales dolphins seals
4 swarm of ants bees butter flies

{things}

1 bunch of keys bannanas grapes
2 collection of vases art
3 fleet of ships cars
4 flotilla of clouds wood
5 pack of lies cards wolves
6 set of clothes teeth

[ compound noun ]

1 I mostly have pancake for breakfast
2 my father is a real gentelman

” example for verbs ”

action
1 my sister always listen to pop musics
2 I try to eat healthy food

linking
1 Zahra seemed happy in her job
2 after a big fight we still remained friendly

helping
1 i can play football well
2 they have to leave the hotel

transitive
1i always feed the cats in our home
2 my father read the newspaper everyday

intransitive
1 a little girl fall
2 my best friend “Zeinab” cant swim

[EXAMPLE FOR NOUNS]

common
1 i buy a new backpack recently
2 i really like watermelon

proper
1 this Sunday i want to start basketball classes
2 my friend Nazanin has curly hair

abstract
1 i couldnt feel herb pain
2 we all need freedom in the world

concrete
1 i wash the dishes twice a week
2 our math teacher couldnt find a word on the keyboard

countable | uncountable

1 we buy two carpets today
2 i ordered a cup of coffee yesterday

singular| plural

1 my sister give me a watch for my bithday
2 i love the shopping malls in Hashemie blv

Zahra Shabani

●Collective nouns:
■people:
●board: directors/ scientists/teachers.
●choir: dancers/singers
●class:students/teachers
●committee: disciplinary/ ways
●family:father/mother/brother
●group:people/students/friends
●jury:contest/University
●panel:experts/consumer
●staff:bank/factory/company

■Animals:
●flock:sheeps/goats/birds
●herd:cattle/rhino
●pod:dolphins/whales
●swarm:bees/wasps/locusts

■Things:
●bunch:grapes/flowers/people
●collection:data/poems/information
●fleet:ships/vehicles
●flotilla:cloud/ship/duck
●pack:cards/wolves/spaghetti
●set:rules/instructions

■Compound nouns:
●I bought goldfish for haftsin table.
●My classmates are smart and active.
●Mashhad International Airport was closed due the fog.

■Action verbs:
●I wrote my homework.(wrote)
●She waited for him in the yard.(waited)

■linking verbs:
●It seems like you are busy.
●The food looks delicious.

■Helping verbs:
●I might attend your wedding.
●I will travel on the weekend.

■transitive verbs:
●I sent an email to my teacher.
●Please give me a bottle of water.

■Intransitive verbs:
●I arrived.
●He died.

Fatemeh Anaraki Moghadam

?Fatemeh Anaraki Moghadam?

?(Collective nouns)

?People

? board:directors/meeting/millionaires/members of the board
? choir:church/string choir/male choir/dancers
? class:Students/teachers/public
? family:dad/mom/grandma/grandpa/sister/brother
? group:Singers/doctors/company
? Jury:personnel/gathering/convention
?panel:advisory/experts/judges
? staff:teaching/college/officer

? Animals

?flock:geese/birds/goats/sheep
?herd:dogs/deer/cows/cattle
?pod:locusts/whale/space/dolphin

? Things

?bunch:grapes/keys/flowers
? collection:library/museum
? fleet:taxis/foot
? flotilla:clouds/ducks
?pack:canned soup /cigarettes/cards
?set:menu/bomb/back

?(Compound nouns)

?1:My mom is a(housewife)

?2:Please fasten your (seatbelt)

?(Verbs)

?Action verbs:
ride a bike
play the clarinet

?linking verbs:
She looked tired
The pizza tastes better than before

??helping verbs:
He is waiting in the waiting room
I might have a problem with my new car

?transitive verbs:
Please bring a cup of tea
You must edit the letter

?Intransitive:
I am swimming
They came late

Narges Nourizad

༺Narges Nourizad༻
(Collective nouns)
▪️The platoon marched very swiftly.
▪️The organization voted to revoke the rules that it had previously.
(Compound nouns)
▪️He got driving license last year.
▪️The thief opened fire killing parsser_by.
(Action verbs)
▪️You forgot to turn off the light.
▪️The children are playing in the yard.
(Linking verbs)
▪️My sister became a nurse.
▪️Helia remained under suspicion for the rest of her life.
(Helping verbs)
▪️She was baking a pie for dessert.
▪️I can write a official letter.
(Main verbs)
▪️I study English every week.
▪️My grandfather works on the farm.
(Transitive verbs)
▪️Please bring a glass of water.
▪️He gave up smoking four months ago.
(Intransitive verbs)
▪️The teacher smiled.
▪️The famous actoress died at the age of 43.

Masoomehshahsavan

*Collective noun*
board: director , boys
choir: bands ,singers
Class: teacher, students
*committee noun*
Family: father , mother
Group: students, friends
Jury:Supervisor, referry
Panel: expert, consumer
Staff: worker, compony
*Animals*
flock: Cows , sheeps
Herd :birds, zebras
Pod: fishes, Dolphins
Swarm:swarms of flies , swarm of wasps
*Things*
bunch: bunch of flowers,
Collection:collection of poems, collection of information

Fleet: a fleet of ships, a fleet of warships
Flotilla:
Pack:a pack of cards, a pack of cigarettes
Set:a set of rules, a set of similar things

*Action verbs*
A boy rolled down the hill on a skateboard.

The kittens leaped from the table to the chair.

* linking verbs*
She is a teacher. 
Nima is a policeman

*Helping verbs*
The secretaries haven’t written all the letters yet.
Mahya is writing an e-mail to a client at the moment.

*Atransitive verbs*
I sent an email to my teacher.
You must edit  the letter.

* intransitive verbs*
I am swimming .
The teacher smiled.

Mahdis Eskandari

People:
? board:directors/managers
? choir:church/string choir
? class:teachers/public
? family:dad/mom
? group:Singers/company
? Jury:personnel/gathering
?panel:advisory/experts
?staff:teaching/college

Animal:
? flock of sheeps birds pigeons
? herd of cows goats deer
? pod of whales dolphins seals
? Birds , honey bees , locuts

Things:
?bunch:grapes/flowers/people
?collection:data/poems/information
?fleet:ships/vehicles
?flotilla:cloud/ship/duck
?pack:cards/wolves/spaghetti
?set:rules/instructions

Compound nouns:
?I didn’t eat breakfast
?My classmate is a really good person

Action verbs:
?I was walking with my dog
?I played piano in front of my family

Linking verbs:
?I get mad when he shout
?He became a popstar

transitive verbs:
?she sent an email for her mother in another city
?you must edit your homework

Intransitive verbs:
? They came later
?I ran

Zahra Bayat

?Finite and non_finite?
☆ The ship leaves here at 10:00 tomorrow.
☆She brushes every night.
☆We laugh at that movie.
?non_finite ?
☆I’d hate to travel to Africa every years.
☆ I don’t enjoy playing chess.

?Phrasal verbs ?
☆ His wife broke up with him last week.
☆ Sara is looking after the baby.

?Descriptive adjectives ?
☆ The brave soldier defended his country.
☆ I bought a cute bag.

?Quantitative adjectives ?
☆ He eats alittle bread.
☆We buy many flowers.

?Demonstrative adjectives?

☆Idont like that dress.
☆ Look at those cats! they are so cute.

?Possessive adjective ?

☆My phone rings.
☆ Your pen is so cute.

?Interrogative adjective ?

☆ Which flower will you buy?
☆ what cake do you like?

?Distributive adjectives ?

☆ Each soldier had his own rifle.
☆ Neither method is wrong.

Najmeh Nemati

| Finiteand verb |

1: He goes to english class
2: She travels so long
3: I love climbing a mountain

| A non _ Finite verb |

1: I needed a sound sleep to clam my mind
2: We are ready to play now
3: She has to find the bag befor evening

| Phrasal verb |

1: It’s time to get on the plane (Get on )
2: It’s important to show up on time (Show up )
3: She took of his hat to show me her ( Took of )

{ About Adjectives }

| Descriptive adjectives |

1: I have a fragrant flower
2: She is a kind girl
3: They bought a new sofa

| Quantitative adjectives |

1: They have a few fruit for guests.
2: I need a little water because i’m thirsty .
3: She has few color for painting .

| Demonstrative |

1: This car is old
2: That painting are beautiful
3: Those children can speak french .

| Possessive |

1: My sister likes to play with her dolls.
2: Their house is near the city.
3: Is this your brother ?

| Interrogative |

1: Which book do you like more?
2: What house will you buy ?
3: Which flower is you’r favorite?

| Distributive |

1: Each girl must bring her own buy .
2: Every student is asked to bring a jotter .
3: Both children played together .

kareshkimahsa

?Finite verbs?
?she goes shopping.
?My sister takes photo.
?We make a cake.
?Non_ finite verbs?
?He bought a book.
?My father washed his car.
?Phrasal verbs?
?you can account for the time you were out.
?You should work out twice a week at the gym.
?ADJECTIVE
?Descriptive adjective?
?She lives in an old house.
?I read a new novel.
?Quantitative adjective?
?I must make a cake, but we have few eggs.
?He wants go to shopping by his car and it has a little gas.
?Demonstrative adjective?
?This doll is beautiful.
?These cars are old.
?Possessive adjective?
?My chair is breaking.
?I read her book.
?Interrogative adjective?
?What phone is ringing?
?Which city will he travel to?
?Distributive adjective?
? Either path will get us out of the woods.
?There could be a hairy spider in either box

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