Future

Future

We use am/is/are + -ing for the future(tomorrow/next week/etc):Andrew is playing tennis tomorrow.I’m not working next week.

I’m doing something tomorrow means I have arranged to do it or I have a plan to do it. For example:

  • Sophie is going to the dentist on Friday.
    (= She has an appointment with the dentist)
  • We are having a party next weekend. 
  • Are you meeting your friends tonight?
  • What are you doing tomorrow evening?
  • I’m not going out tonight. I’m staying at home.

Note: you can also say “I’m going to do something.”

We use the present simple for timetables, programs, trains, buses, etc to refer to future.

  • The train arrives at 7:30.
  • What time does the film finish?

Note: present continuous is usually used for people:

I’m going to a concert tomorrow.

What time are you leaving?

Note: present simple is used for timetables, programs, etc.

The concert starts at 7:00.

What time does your train leave?

Am/is/are +going to+ base form of the verb

  1. I’m going to do something: I have decided to do it, my intention is to do it.
  • I’m going to buy some books tomorrow.
  • Sara is going to sell her car.
  • I’m not going to have lunch this morning.
  • What is she going to wear to the wedding party next month?2- 

2. Something is going to happen: we can see now that it is sure to happen.

  • Look at the sky. It’s going to rain.
  • Oh dear! It’s 9 o’clock and I’m not ready. I’m going to be late.
Will

We use will for the future (tomorrow/ next week, etc)

  • You can call me this evening. I’ll be at home.
  • Leave the old bread in the garden. The birds will eat it.
  • We’ll probably go out this evening.
  • Will you be at work this evening?
  • I Won’t be here next month. (won’t= will not)

We often say I think ....... will ......

  • I think John will pass the exam.
  • I don’t think it will rain this afternoon.
  • Do you think the exam will be difficult?

We don’t use will for things we have already arranged or decided to do.

  • We’re going to the cinema on Saturday. do you want to come with us? ( Not we will go)
  • I’m not working tomorrow. (not I won’t work)
  • Are you going to do the exam? (not will you do)

Shall

You can say I shall (= I will ) and we shall (= we will):

  • I shall be late tomorrow.  or I will be late tomorrow. 
  • I think we shall win.    or I think we will win.

But do not use shall with you/ they/ he/ she/ it:

  • Tom will be late. (not Tom shall be late)

You can use I'll (I will) when you offer something or decide to do something:

  • “My bag is very heavy.”          ” I’ll carry it for you.”
  • “I’ll phone you tomorrow, OK?”          “OK, bye.”

We often say I think I'll ....../ I don't think I'll....... when we decide to do something:

  • I’m tired. I think I’ll go to bed early tonight.
  • It’s a nice day. I think I’ll sit outside.
  • It’s raining. I don’t think I’ll go out.

Don't use the present simple ( I go/ I phone etc) in sentences like these:

  • I’ll phone you tomorrow. OK?  ( Not I phone you)
  • I think I’ll go to bed early. ( not I go to bed)

Do not use I'll ....for something you decided before

  • I’m working tomorrow. (Not I’ll work tomorrow)
  • There is a good film on TV tonight. I’m going to watch it. (Not I’ll watch)
  • What are you doing at the weekend? (Not what will you do)

Shall I/ Shall we?

They mean: Do you think this is a good thing to do? Do you think this is a good idea?

  • It’s very warm in this room. Shall I open the door?
  • Shall I phone you this evening?
  • I’m going to a party tonight. What shall I wear?
  • It’s a nice day. Shall we go for a walk?
  • Where shall we go for our holidays this year?
  • What time shall we meet for the party?
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