Fragments

Fragments

Fragments are incomplete sentences. This type of error happens frequently in different writing tasks. To correct fragments, you should just complete them. You should change them from a phrase or an incomplete sentence to a complete one. Remember that a complete sentence must have at least one independent clause.

Some examples

  • Fragment: because some students work part time while taking a full load of classes.
  • Correct: some students work part time while taking a full load of classes.
  • Fragment: teachers who give too much homework.
  • Correct: teachers who give too much homework are unpopular.
  • Fragment: to live and work for at least a year in a foreign country.
  • Correct: to live and work for at least a year in a foreign country has always been a dream.

Exercises

Label each sentence as fragment or complete.

1- The desire of all humankind to live in peace and freedom, for example.

2- Second, a fact that men are physically stronger than women.

3- The best movie I saw last year.

4- Titanic was one of the most financially successful movies ever made worldwide.

5- For example, many students have part-time jobs.

6- Although people want to believe that all men are created equal.

7- Finding a suitable marriage partner is a challenging task.

8-Many of my friends who did not have opportunity to go to college.

9- A tsunami that occurred in the Indian Ocean in December 2004, killing more than 200000 people.

10- Despite several hours between  the earthquake and tsunami, nearly all of the victims were taken completely by surprise.

Exercises

Find all the fragments in these two paragraphs and correct them.     

     Teenagers are often seen as irresponsible and overly confident. These attitudes can even be seen in the driver’s seat. Believing that they are far better drivers than they are. Teenagers can be incompetent, inattentive, and even dangerous behind the wheel. Indeed, statistics prove that teenagers are, in fact, the most dangerous drivers on the road. For example, insurance rates for teenagers can be as much as twice the rate for adult drivers. Another proof is that the traffic accident rate for teenagers is higher than for any other group. Also, in the united states, traffic accidents are the number one cause of death for teenagers.

     The reasons for teenage drivers’ dangerous driving habits can perhaps be found in the tension between the biological phase of brain development and teenagers’ role in society. On the other hand, the frontal cortex, or decision –making area, of a teenager’s brain which is still developing. So they take risks because they literally do not understand the danger. On the other hand, teenagers want to be treated like adults. Using cars to show their maturity. Or using them as status symbols to gain popularity. All in all, teenagers are not safe drivers. Because of their attitude. Teenagers will learn to become safe drivers. As they get older and their brains, and decision-making.

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Ghazale Saleh

1-F
2-F
3-F
4-C
5-F
6-F
7-C
8-F
9-F
10-C
EXERCISES
-believing that…../It is believed that
-omit (in fact), because we have(indeed) in the same meaning at the first of the sentence.
-Line 4 second paragraph/ omit(which)
-Line 7 second paragraph /using cars to…../They use cars to…
-line 7/8…Or using them as …../They are using them as…
-As they get older,their brains and their decision making area of their brains will improve,either.

Ghazale Saleh

line7/8….They use cars to……..,or use them as….. .

سعید ایزدپناه

1:f
2:f
3:f
4:c
5:f
6:f
7:c
8:f
9:f
10:c

Fouad Ghanbari Ghahraman

1) F
2) C
3) F
4) C
5) C
6) C
7) C
8) F
9) C
10) C

Atena Raoufi

Exercise: PART 1

1- Fragment
2- Fragment
3- Fragment
4- Complete
5- Complete
6- Fragment
7- Complete
8- Fragment
9- Fragment
10- Complete

Exercise: PART 2

  • Believing that…. = It is believed that they are better drivers than their parents.
  • Indeed, statistics prove that…. = in fact should be committed because it is unnecessary.
  • On the other hand, the frontal cortex….. = On the other hand, the frontal cortex, or decision–making area, of a teenager’s brain is still developing. (which should be committed)
  • Using cars to show their maturity = They use cars to show their maturity.
  • Or using them as status symbols to gain popularity = or use them as status symbols to gain popularity. ( this sentence and the above one should be combined as one sentence)
  • All in all, teenagers are not…. = All in all, teenagers are not safe drivers because of their attitude.
  • As they get older and their brains, and decision-making= As they get older, their brains and their decision-making capabilities develop.
Mohammad javad Hesami

Task 1:

  1. F
  2. F
  3. F
  4. C
  5. F
  6. F
  7. C
  8. F
  9. F
  10. C

Task 2:

  • Teenagers are often seen as irresponsible and overly confident people.
  • They believe that they are far better drivers than they are.
  • Indeed, statistics prove that teenagers are, in fact, the most dangerous drivers on the road.
  • In addition to that, the frontal cortex, or decision –making area, of a teenager’s brain which is still developing; So, they take risks because they literally do not understand the danger.
  • On the other hand, teenagers want to be treated like adults; Therefore, they use cars to show their maturity, or as status symbols to gain popularity.
  • All in all, because of their attitude, teenagers are not safe drivers.
  • As they get older, while their brains and their decision-making areas are developing, teenagers will learn to become safe drivers.
Mehrab Ebrahimi

Exercise 1:
1) F
2) F
3) F
4) C
5) F
6) F
7) C
8) C
9) C
10) F
Exercise 2:
Paragraph 1:
Believing that…✓it is believed that
✓Indeed statistics…(remove in fact) the most…
Paragraph 2:
✓… driving habits can(remove perhaps)be found…
✓…brain(remove which)is still developing.
✓Using cars should be they use cars to…
✓Using them should be use them as…
✓As they get older…( Should be) as they get older, their brains and decision-making. (because we have to use •and• end of the sentence)

Saeed Izadpanah

* believing that =it is believed that they are better driver’s than their parents.

* indeed =intact, because it is unnecessary.

محبوبه امیریان

1.f
2.f
3.f
4.c
5.f
6.f
7.c
8.f
9.c
10.c
Exercises
They’re believed that, they’re better drivers than others.
In line 9 “in fact” must be deleted.
In line 10 “for example “must be deleted.
In paragraph2 line 8 coma must be deleted.
In paragraph 2 line 9 which & so must be deleted.
In line 13 “They use “insted of using.
Teanagers are not safe drivers because of their attitude.

Saeed Izadpanah

*On the other hand, the frontal cortex, or decision making area, of a teenager’s brain is still developing.

* they use cars show their maturity.

* or using
them as statuses symbols to gain popularity

* All in all, teenager’s are not safe drivers because of their attitude.

*Their brains and their decision making capabilities develop.

Hamed Ashkar

1.F. 2.F. 3.F. 4.C 5.F. 6.F. 7.C. 8.F. 9.F. 10.C
Exercise 2
P1: line 4 we should omit indeed
P2: line 4 we should omit wihich
P2: line 6 teenagers using …..

Sajede Edalatian

1.F
2.C
3.F
4.C
5,F
6,C
7,C
8,F
9,F
10,c

Sahar Arfaei

First exercise:
1- F
2- F
3- F
4- C
5- F
6- F
7- C
8- F
9- F
10- C
Second exercise:
 
First paragraph:
-Teenagers are often… overly confident. =>> Teenagers are often seen as irresponsible and overconfident.

-Believing that =>> They believe that….
 
-Indeed, statics…., in fact, the most dangerous derivers on the road=>> Indeed, statics…In fact the most dangerous derivers on the road.
 
Second paragraph:
– On the other hand, … is still developing. =>> On the other hand, the frontal cortex, the area of decision making, is still developing in the brain of a teenager.

– Using cars to show their maturity…. Popularity. =>> So, they use cars to show their maturity or they use them as status symbols to gain popularity.

– Because of their attitude.=>> That’s because of their attitude.

– As they… decision-making.=>> As they get older and their brains, and decision-making skill grow.
 

آخرین ویرایش 3 سال قبل توسط Sahar Arfaei
Nadia salmani

1:F
2:F
3:F
4:C
5:F
6:F
7:C
8:F
9:F
10:C
Exercises2
-believing that…:It is believed that
-omit (in fact), because we have(indeed) in the same meaning at the first of the sentence.
– omit(which)
-using cars to…../They use cars to…
-…Or using them as …../They are using them as…
-As they get older,their brains and their decision making area of their brains will improve,either.

Zahra Siadati

1.F
2.F
3.F
4.C
5.F
6.F
7.C
8.F
9.F
10.C

Farnoush Abasi

1. F
2. F
3. F
4. C
5. F
6. F
7. C
8. F
9. F
10.C

☆ they believe/ it is believed
♡ in fact should be omitted
◇ is still developing
☆ they use cars
♡ or use them
◇ All in all, teenagers are not safe drivers because of their attitude.
☆ as they get older, their brains and their decision-making will be improved, as well.

Mahdi Hafezan

1-F 2-F 3-F 4-C 5-F 6-F 7-C 8-F 9-F 10-C

part 2

P1
it is believed that
Indeed, statistics prove that…. = in fact should be committed because it is unnecessary

P2
On the other hand, the frontal cortex, the area of decision making, is still developing in the brain of a teenager.

 So, they use cars to show their maturity or they use them as status symbols to gain popularity.

That’s because of their attitude.

As they get older and their brains, and decision-making skill grow.

احسان غلامی

exercise 1
1-F
2-F
3-F
4-C
5-F
6-F
7-C
8-F
9-F
10-C
exercise 2

it is believed that
Indeed, statistics prove that…. = in fact should be committed because it is unnecessary

On the other hand, the frontal cortex, the area of decision making, is still developing in the brain of a teenager.
 So, they use cars to show their maturity or they use them as status symbols to gain popularity.
That’s because of their attitude.
As they get older and their brains, and decision-making skill grow.

فاطمه یزدان بخش

1-F
2-F
3-F
4-C
5-F
6-F
7-C
8-F
9-F
10-C

Believing that :it is believed that….
Omit infact
On the other hand…”omit which”
Using cars:they use cars
Or using them: or use them
All in all… :teenagers aren’t safe drivers because of their attitude
As they get older…. :As they get older and their brains, and their decision-making..

Mahsa Maghsoodi

1.F
2.F
3.F
4.C
5.F
6.F
7.C
8.F
9.F
10.C
Exercise 2
beliving that=it is belived that
Omit infact becuse there is indeed in a sentence.
omit which
using cars to…/they use cars to…
or using them as…they are using them as
all in all,teenagers are not safe drivers becuse of their attitud.
as they get older,their brains and their decision-making will be improved,as well.

Mohaddese Beykzadeh

E. P. 1
1- F
2- F
3- F
4- C
5- C
6- F
7- C
8- F
9- F
10- C

Mohaddese Beykzadeh

Exercises
(Believing that…/ It is believed that they are better drivers than their parents. )
(Indeed, statistics prove that teenagers are,( in fact:omitted) , the most dangerous drivers on the road.)
(in addition to that , the frontal cortex, or decision –making area, of a teenager’s brain (which:omitted) is still developing; So, they take risks because they literally do not understand the danger.)
(On the other hand, teenagers want to be treated like adults; *Therefore, they use* cars to show their maturity,*they are use as* status symbols to gain popularity.)
(As they get older and their brains, and decision-making: *As they get older*, their brains and their decision-making capabilities develop.)

آخرین ویرایش 3 سال قبل توسط Mohaddese Beykzadeh
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